From the Archives: I Will Raise It Up

(Originally posted 3/22/2011)

Many children raised in Christian homes do not understand the meaning of Resurrection Sunday. They might choose the correct answer on a multiple-choice test but would flunk an open-ended question (“Why do we celebrate Easter?”). Open-ended questions provide the best measurement of understanding.

Fortunately, some of these kids will later appreciate the meaning of the holiday. They will learn that Easter is not about bunnies, baskets and ham, but the resurrected Savior. There were no bunnies at the tomb as far as we know. The women may have carried baskets, but we know that Jesus never tasted ham.

Similarly, Jesus’ disciples understood many of His teachings only in retrospect. After the resurrection, the disciples finally understood that He had to die an atoning death and then be raised.

In Luke 24:25-27, the resurrected incognito Jesus discusses matters with some disciples hiking the road to Emmaus:

“O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! 26 Was it not necessary that the Christ should suffer these things and enter into his glory?” 27 And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he interpreted to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself. (ESV, Luke 24:25–27)

John 2:19-22 is another case in point. Yeshua’s talmidim (disciples) recalled His words and finally understood their meaning after He was raised:

Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” The Jews then said, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will you raise it up in three days?” But he was speaking about the temple of his body. When therefore he was raised from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this, and they believed the Scripture and the word that Jesus had spoken.

Although the documentation about Jesus speaking these words (about destroying “this temple”) is only preserved for us in John’s Gospel, His enemies remembered them. In Matthew 26:61, during Jesus’ bogus trial, false witnesses stated, “This man said, ‘I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to rebuild it in three days.’” Mark 14:58 records similar testimony.

Since many Jews came to believe in Jesus early on (these believers were sometimes called Nazarenes), and since Christians sought to announce Jesus as the long-expected Jewish Messiah, the unbelieving rabbis gnashed their teeth at such teachings. They dug in and fabricated alternative scenarios—though they took their time doing so.

The Talmud added layers of justification for the execution of Jesus as the centuries passed, creating an alternate narrative over several hundred years. We read in the Talmud that the Jewish authorities supposedly issued a decree allowing a 40-day period for witnesses to come to Jesus’ defense before He was sentenced to die, but none did. They later claimed that Jesus worshiped a brick and suggested a number of other blasphemous charges I will not detail here. Rejecting Jesus’ conception by a virgin (Greek, parthenos), they claimed that He was an illegitimate child whose father was a Roman soldier, Panthera (pantheros)—simply reversing the “r” and “n.” Later, they even altered the crucifixion story by suggesting that Jesus was legally stoned to death as a heretic by Jewish authorities and then hung on a tree for display (Peter Schafer, Jesus in the Talmud Princeton University Press, 2007).

In contrast, the biblical account not only dates back to the first century, but is also the only account grounded in actual history. Our faith is historically based.

Meandering back to John 2, please note three important theological truths evident in these verses:

  1. Jesus resurrected His own body.* He said, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” In Scripture, only God is said to raise the dead (2 Cor. 1:9). Thus this verse is one of many evidences for the deity of Christ, the reality that the man Christ Jesus is also God the Son.
  2. Jesus was speaking not just of His spirit—but His body—being resurrected: “But he was speaking about the temple of his body.” John’s statement is as clear as crystal, except to those who have agendas contrary to the plain sense of Scripture. At our resurrection, we too will have a transformed, resurrection body. Philippians 3:21 reads, “who will transform our lowly body to be like his glorious body, by the power that enables him even to subject all things to himself.”
  3. Although His disciples believed Him to be the Messiah before His death and resurrection, there is a sense in which they did not believe in Him until after they had grasped the gospel facts: “When therefore he was raised from the dead…they believed the Scripture and the word that Jesus had spoken (John 2:22). Here we see a direct link between understanding and believing; understanding is the prerequisite to believing. You may understand but not believe, but you cannot believe if you do not understand. Modern attempts to minimize the importance of biblical knowledge for the believer are devastating to true faith.

Although the second temple was in its fifth decade of renovation, they destroyed Jesus’ temple (by death) that first Good Friday. But Jesus rebuilt that temple on the third day (1 Cor. 15:4)—that first Resurrection Sunday—by returning to physical life. Since Jesus’ resurrection is the prototype or first fruits for our own (1 Cor. 15:20), we can anticipate our own bodily resurrection.

Because the believer’s soul enjoys the bliss of heaven upon death, there is a part of us that would “rather be away from the body and at home with the Lord” (2 Cor. 5:8). Still, our long-term hope is that we will be physically resurrected from the dead in a body of flesh.

This belief is not unique to the New Testament, but dates back at least 4,000 years to the time of Job, considered a contemporary with Abraham. Job knew his body would be resurrected, and this based upon the work of God’s promised Redeemer. Job prophesies,

For I know that my Redeemer lives, and at the last he will stand upon the earth. And after my skin has been thus destroyed, yet in my flesh I shall see God, whom I shall see for myself, and my eyes shall behold, and not another. My heart faints within me! (Job 19:25–27)

The resurrection of Jesus is the foundation for our hope. As the Savior said, “Yet a little while and the world will see me no more, but you will see me. Because I live, you also will live” (John 14:19). That is the real message of Resurrection Sunday.

* The Scriptures speak of the Father and Spirit as being involved in the resurrection. The Father raised Jesus (Rom. 6:4), the Son (Jesus) raised Jesus (John 2:19-21, 10:17-18), and so did the Spirit (Rom. 8:11).

Ed Vasicek Bio


Ed Vasicek was raised as a Roman Catholic in Cicero, Illinois. During his senior year in high school (1974), Cicero Bible Church reached out to him, and he received Jesus Christ as his Savior by faith alone. Ed earned his BA at Moody Bible Institute. He has served as pastor of Highland Park Church since 1983. Ed and his wife, Marylu, have two adult children. Ed has written many weekly columns for the opinion page of the Kokomo Tribune, published articles in Pulpit Helps magazine, and posted many papers at his church website. Ed has also published the The Midrash Key and The Amazing Doctrines of Paul As Midrash: The Jewish Roots and Old Testament Sources for Paul’s Teachings.

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Bert Perry's picture

Ed, would love to hear your (or someone else's ) comment on whether the interesting Talmudic commentary on the life and death of Christ might be a great way to reach out to at least "very observant" Jews.  Your characterization seems to indicate that it might be possible to create a timeline of Talmudic teaching that would cast some serious doubt on the whole deal.  

Aspiring to be a stick in the mud.

Ed Vasicek's picture

This artilce was written a few years ago, and I probably needed to clarify that the idea that Jesus was stoned and then hanged is how modern Jews interpret the Talmud, but that is not what it says.

 

Bert Perry wrote:

Ed, would love to hear your (or someone else's ) comment on whether the interesting Talmudic commentary on the life and death of Christ might be a great way to reach out to at least "very observant" Jews.  Your characterization seems to indicate that it might be possible to create a timeline of Talmudic teaching that would cast some serious doubt on the whole deal.  

I think the 40 day notice really happened, and fits in well with John 11:8 and John 11:16. The earlier part of the Talmud states he was going to be stoned.  But, regarding his death, it says he was hanged, which could (and would) include the possibility of crucifixion. Later, they combined the two idea.  I do think this is useful for evangelism, yes.  It also says he was a sorcerer, which also is an indirect apologetic for his miracle working.  

 

Bold below is mine:

Sanhedrin 43a, probably second century:

On the eve of Passover Yeshu was hanged. For forty days before the execution took place, a herald went forth and cried, "He is going forth to be stoned because he has practiced sorcery and enticed Israel to apostasy. Any one who can say anything in his favour, let him come forward and plead on his behalf." But since nothing was brought forward in his favour he was hanged on the eve of the Passover! - Ulla retorted: Do you suppose that he was one for whom a defence could be made? Was he not a _Mesith_ [enticer], concerning him Scripture says, _Neither shalt though spare, neither shalt thou conceal him?_ With Yeshu however it was different, for he was connected with the government for royalty [i.e., influential]. Our Rabbis taught: Yeshu had five disciples, Matthai, Nakai, Nezer, Buni, and Todah.

So the plan was to stone him -- and we know that several such attempts were made -- but he was hanged INSTEAD.  That, to me, is the more natural interpretation.  But Jewish sources later interpreted this as he was first stoned and then hanged.

So this establishes exactly what the Gospels suggest, IMO.

 

"The Midrash Detective"

Aaron Blumer's picture

EditorAdmin

Very interesting background, Ed. Thanks. 

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