Do Parallel Universes Exist?

Most of us are familiar with the distinction between facts and the interpretation of facts. Objective facts are often interpreted based upon the worldview, paradigms, assumptions, culture, and even personality of the interpreter. Facts do not change. Our interpretation of facts may.

This is certainly true when it comes to history, but also true when it comes to “science.” For example, a young earth creationist interprets the fossil record as suggesting rapid massive burial, probably a result of Noah’s flood. An evolutionist looks at the same pile of fossils and says small floods buried them over millions of years.

I don’t fault researchers for interpreting facts in light of their accepted models, but I do fault them for presenting their interpretations of the facts as the facts themselves.

Scientists are puzzled at the perfection of the universe and particularly our planet. Planet earth meets the plethora of delicate conditions necessary to sustain complicated life forms — like we humans. Even apart from the issue of how we came to be, the issue of how we can thrive anywhere in the universe is statistically challenging.

The laws of physics are too finely tuned to have been random, and thus they suggest Intelligent Design. Modern paradigms embraced by the majority of the scientific community, however, allow no room for a Creator. Enter the theory of the multiverse — multiple parallel universes.

The idea of multiple universes was developed primarily to “improve the odds.” If the known universe could not statistically produce human life by chance, then perhaps such a thing is statistically possible if we had a multitude of universes. We would argue that this does not solve the problem, but merely pushes the problem back a notch; the orderliness of the laws of physics is simply evidence of a Creator (Romans 1:19-20, Psalm 19:1-6).

Quantum physics, according to the renown physicist Michio Kaku, makes it clear that there are 11 or 12 dimensions; if it were not so, the universe would be unstable (source:

Most of us are familiar with four dimensions: length, width, depth, and time.

Kaku postulates that these other dimensions are likely smaller than an atom, for we see nothing disappear into them. But consider this: they could also be beyond our ability to comprehend.

Although New Age proponents might run with the ball in light of the above — saying, for example, that we visit another dimension in our dreams — Christians have been slow on the take to process the possible implications of these relatively new concepts.

It is possible — but tentative — that scientists are postulating a realm that Christians (and others) have known about for centuries: the spiritual realm. Of course contemporary terminology (“the multiverse”) and biblical terminology (the “third heaven” or “paradise,” “hell” see 2 Corinthians 12:14, Luke 16:23) are not identical matches, they very well could overlap and encompass multiple universes (e.g., heaven might be more than one universe).

Some modern scientists believe that these parallel universes may occupy the same space as our universe, but subject to different laws of physics. This concept defines how angels, demons, and our Risen Lord can just “vanish” or penetrate through solid objects. These spiritual dimensions might not be influenced by height or depth, just as the fourth dimension (time) is slowed by neither height nor depth.

Is it possible that one of these universes is what we call “heaven” and another what we call “hell?” Why not? And is it possible that our souls, but not our bodies, are capable of entering one of these universes at death?

If so, these parallel universes would correspond to what we typically call “the spiritual realm.” Of course, this is only a suggested theory, not a conviction.

This might explain why the Bible tells us so little about heaven, and why it suggests the nature of heaven is beyond our ability to comprehend: “What no eye has seen, nor ear heard, nor the heart of man imagined, what God has prepared for those who love him” (1 Corinthians 2:9). How could one describe unknown dimensions within an unknown universe?

Some postulate that another version of us exists in these other universes, and that our other selves have made choices different from the ones we have made. Personally, I think that idea is completely absurd; someone has been watching too much Star Trek!

Here are a few more questions to consider. Do some aspects of our seen universe correspond (in some way) with another, unseen universe? Are Mount Zion and the city of Jerusalem in some way similar to the heavenly Zion and the New Jerusalem (Hebrews 12:22), for example? Do stars, described by the Bible as the “host of heaven” (Deuteronomy 4:19) somehow correspond to angels in another universe, which are also called the “host of heaven” (I Kings 22:19)? I think so.

When Jesus returns to the clouds, living believers will see their bodies transformed into immortal bodies. First, however, the souls of those with the Lord will be given new resurrection bodies (I Thessalonians 4:13-17). But our new bodies — which are perhaps based upon perfected blueprints of our original bodies — are not merely immortal. They are tailored for the “spiritual realm.” Paul writes in I Corinthians 15:44, “It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body.”

Since our permanent state will be soul and (resurrection) body, it is fair to say that this body is physical — but not subject to exactly the same laws of physics to which our current bodies are subject.

So are these recent scientific conclusions merely a case of scientists watching too many science fiction movies, or are they delving into the realm of the spiritual without realizing it?

If it is the latter — without a Biblical worldview to guide them — their conclusions will miss the mark. But, from a Biblically informed position, they may be discovering what we have always known: the universe we see is not all there is.

Then again, new information might cause them to abandon the eleven to twelve dimension viewpoint and trash the multiverse viewpoint. We’ve seen it before: remember, we were supposed to be entering an ice age?

No matter what nomenclature we use, these facts remain: the spiritual realm is a real realm, and God’s creation is so complicated that we must rely upon the special revelation of His Word to accurately grasp it.

Ed Vasicek Bio

Ed Vasicek was raised as a Roman Catholic in Cicero, Illinois. During his senior year in high school (1974), Cicero Bible Church reached out to him, and he received Jesus Christ as his Savior by faith alone. Ed earned his BA at Moody Bible Institute. He has served as pastor of Highland Park Church since 1983. Ed and his wife, Marylu, have two adult children. Ed has written many weekly columns for the opinion page of the Kokomo Tribune, published articles in Pulpit Helps magazine, and posted many papers at his church website. Ed has also published the The Midrash Key and The Amazing Doctrines of Paul As Midrash: The Jewish Roots and Old Testament Sources for Paul’s Teachings.

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G. N. Barkman's picture

Thanks, Ed.  I have had similar thoughts, but no way to confirm or deny them.  Speculations to encourage meditation.

G. N. Barkman

Mark_Smith's picture

A few comments and clarifications:

1- The need for 11 or 12 dimensions, as Michio Kaku is quoted above, is ONLY in the sense that a certain mathematical theory called String Theory needs that many dimensions to attempt to describe the universe. THIS DOES NOT MEAN ANYTHING about the "real world", only that a mathematical tool to describe the world needs that many dimensions to work. Physicists OFTEN overstate this to sell books or sound smart.

2- Since it is obvious that our world is composed of 4 dimensions (x, y, z and time), people say the other dimensions string theory needs are compacted. Once again, THIS MEANS NOTHING REAL.

3- String theory is the "sexy theory" but it has never predicted anything that its main rival, Quantum Field Theory (QFT), hasn't done better. QFT is a valid, verified, theory of physics. It has been physics' main tool for 70 years to describe the microscopic world. It works, and incredibly well. It has a drawback, however. It is obviously incomplete since its use in certain areas leads to infinities or no answer exists. For example, if a theory requires you to divide by zero, it is a bogus formula because the answer does not exist. This kind of thing happens on the margins with QFT (keeping it simple here). SO, people started looking for another way to describe the universe. That is String Theory (ST).

4- The main problem with ST is it is so open, it can describe anything! You have to constrain it to work and predict things in the real world. That is artificial and not very natural. This kind of thing leads to the 11 or 12 dimensions claim. Once again, it is mathematics. Abstract mathematics. Like complex numbers, if that means anything to you. The square root of -1 does not exist in the real world... It is a mathematical construct only. The same with these dimensions.

5- So, much of the acclaim and conclusion of ST is way overblown, and done for sensationalism or to sell books. Worse, it is done to support a godless worldview.

6- So, people looking for a godless explanation of things, imagine that all of the infinite answers of ST are other universes. This is called the landscape theory of string theory, popularized by Leonard Susskind. It is kind of an off-shoot of the earlier problem with regular quantum mechanics called the many world interpretation and solved by the Copenhagen Interpretation convention.

7-I would caution that, wherever heaven is, and whatever the "spiritual realm" is, it is NOT the compact dimensions of String Theory.



Paul Henebury's picture

Nervous about attaching much clout to string theory, but this is a stimulating article.

Dr. Paul Henebury

I am Founder of Telos Ministries, and Senior Pastor at Agape Bible Church in N. Ca.

Bert Perry's picture

It's worth noting that a former patent examiner had something to say about whether those four dimensions were absolute, or relative.  (BTW, good to hear from you, Mark!)  

Overall, the subject is fun to contemplate, and I agree that there is something of a "hope" to rescue evolution with more universes.  But that noted, I am reminded of a friend asking me when I was in college about the possibility of space aliens, and my response was more or less that if God wanted me to speak authoritatively on the subject, He might have put something about it in His Word.

Aspiring to be a stick in the mud.

Aaron Blumer's picture


I was under the impression that parallel universes had something to do with Heisenberg Uncertainty, and Schrodinger's Cat, and all that, but apparently not. If Wikipedia is to be believed, there seems to be a consensus that parallel universes theories have more do to with philosophy than science... and so, more to do with theology than science also, we would say.

It's an interesting question, but pretty unanswerable.

Views expressed are always my own and not my employer's, my church's, my family's, my neighbors', or my pets'. The house plants have authorized me to speak for them, however, and they always agree with me.

Mark_Smith's picture

It does have to do with Schrodinger's Cat in this sense. If a cat is placed in a closed box, the cat is either dead or alive. You can't know unless you look. So, there is a percentage chance the cat is dead, and a chance it is alive. You only know the answer if you look. Most physicists agreed long ago to the Copenhagen Interpretation, that the percentages of dead versus alive mean nothing concrete. It is just mathematics. You find the answer when you look at the cat. There is no half-dead cat, for example. This is the "shut up and calculate percentages and don't philosophize" camp that Richard Feynman made famous. 

Others were not so happy with that. Many physicists in the 40s and 50s were Buddhist inspired. They started the "many worlds" interpretation of quantum mechanics. This is the idea that the percentages of the cat being dead or alive are REAL. In fact, they represent all of the future possibilities of each possible outcome of every event in the universe. You move through one set of possibilities, but a multiverse exists with all the other outcomes. 

Is that science? No. Is it philosophy and religion? Yes.

You can add in the Heisenburg Uncertainty principle if you want to say that universes are easy to make spontaneously if a small piece of space goes rogue...

Extend the old QM ideas into the new fangled String Theory, so you get the 12 dimensions and the landscape of all possible universes, and whammo. Religoscience for the godless. 

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