This brief paper addresses select considerations regarding Isaiah 4:2-6 as it relates to Spirit baptism and the Day of Pentecost (which is also thought to be the day God gave the Ten Commandments to the children of Israel). I have written about these correlations elsewhere, but today’s focus is more specific. I may eventually write another installment on Isaiah 4:2-6 and its use as a “mother text” for several New Testament passages.
As we read through the Old Testament, we find the Holy Spirit in Genesis 1:2 hovering like a dove over the waters. We read much about the Spirit, including an incident regarding King Saul who had a Pentecost-like experience in 1 Samuel 10:9-11 (ESV):
When he turned his back to leave Samuel, God gave him another heart. And all these signs came to pass that day. When they came to Gibeah, behold, a group of prophets met him, and the Spirit of God rushed upon him, and he prophesied among them. And when all who knew him previously saw how he prophesied with the prophets, the people said to one another, “What has come over the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets?”