Book Review - Baptist Ways: A History

5 posts / 0 new
Last post
dtjohnso's picture
Offline
Since
Tue, 4/10/12
Posts: 4
Book Review - Baptist Ways: A History

Tags: 

Image of Baptist Ways: A History
by Bill J. Leonard
Judson Pr 2003
Paperback 480

Conceived as a replacement for Robert Torbet’s well-known text, A History of the Baptists, this book attempts to survey the worldwide history of Baptists from their origins in seventeeth-century England. Leonard states his thesis clearly in the opening paragraph of his preface:

“The thesis of this book is relatively simple. It suggests that amid certain distinctives, Baptist identity is configured in a variety of ways by groups, subgroups, and individuals who claim the Baptist name. This identity extends across a theological spectrum from Arminian to Calvinist, from conservative to liberal, from open to closed communionist, and from denominationalist to independent.” (p. xi)

This thesis allows Leonard to include a broad survey of individuals and groups, including giving significant attention to the role of women and minorities in the history of the Baptists. One interesting feature is regular description of Baptist hymnody and worship. Throughout the work, Leonard draws primarily from secondary sources, although the notes (which are placed as endnotes after each chapter) indicate a measured use of primary sources.

The book alternates between chronological and geographical perspectives.

Chapter 1 provides a standard introduction to the study of Baptist history, surveying common doctrinal distinctives and contrasting the three views of Baptist origins. Chapters 2–9 proceed chronologically, telling the story of English and American Baptists from their obscure seventeenth-century beginnings to national prominence during the nineteenth-century. Chapters 10–14 survey the Baptist movement elsewhere, giving the book a global scope. For instance, chapter 10 provides a concise summary of Baptists in Canada (p. 227–244), followed by brief sections on Baptist efforts in various Latin American countries. These chapters will be of most interest to readers outside the United States, but are important for all readers to provide a full understanding of the various kinds of Baptists to be found throughout the world. Chapters 15 and 16 resume the story of Baptists in the West during the twentieth century.

Chapters

  1. Baptist Ways: Defining a People
  2. Baptist Beginnings: The Historical Context
  3. English Baptists: The Seventeenth Century
  4. Baptists in the United States: Beginnings
  5. English Baptists: The Eighteenth Century
  6. Baptists in the United States: The Eighteenth Century
  7. Baptists in Britain: The Nineteenth Century
  8. Baptists in the United States: 1800-1845
  9. Baptists in the United States: 1845-1900
  10. Baptists in the Americas and the Caribbean
  11. African American Baptists
  12. Baptists in Greater Britain
  13. Baptists in Europe
  14. Baptists in Africa and Asia
  15. Baptists in the British Isles and Europe: The Twentieth Century
  16. Baptists in the United States: The Twentieth Century

Evaluation

Predictably, the book reflects the denominational affiliation of its publisher, Judson Press. As the publishing arm of the American Baptist Churches USA, Judson Press represents a particular constituency of Baptists. The book puts some emphasis on this strain of Baptist identity, tracing the development of the ABCUSA out of the Northern Baptist Convention in some detail in chapter 16.

Unfortunately, the book omits or downplays some important events in Southern Baptist history. For instance, the extensive controversy over the modernism of Crawford H. Toy receives no treatment. Toy, though he was professor at The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary from 1869–1879, is only mentioned as a missionary appointee to Japan who “never went because the [Foreign Mission Board] delayed all appointments in anticipation of the Civil War and related economic difficulties” (p. 353). The dates of his professorship at Southern appear only in an otherwise unremarkable parenthesis, and there is no mention of his broken engagement to missionary Lottie Moon. As other reviewers have noted, the Conservative Resurgence in the SBC also receives scant coverage, appearing only in summary on pages 414–415.

Occasionally, the book suggests that an emphasis on biblical literalism results in erratic or erroneous conclusions. An early example of this pattern occurs in the treatment of John Smyth, the early sixteenth-century Baptist. Smyth was certainly unstable, following a spiritual trajectory that parallels that of Roger Williams in America. Smyth began as an Anglican until he adopted Separatist views. Later, he founded the General Baptists along with Thomas Helwys by baptizing himself and then his own followers. This self-baptism brought criticism, and eventually Smyth repudiated his own baptism and sought admission into a nearby Mennonite sect. The book attributes Smyth’s restlessness to his commitment to the Bible: “His biblicism took him through many Protestant communities in a search for the fullest revelation available” (p. 25). Smyth was undoubtedly a biblicist, but there are other explanations for his repudiation of his self-baptism. On occasion, the book suggests that biblicism leads to other negative results, which will disappoint conservative readers.

Reception

Other reviews have been mixed in their final appraisal of Leonard’s text, despite the unanimous acknowledgement that producing a one-volume Baptist history is a difficult task. As a potential course textbook, the work suffers from a lack of visual aids (a deficiency that equally applies to the competing volumes by Torbet and McBeth). Other complaints include the slightly negative treatment of more conservative Baptist traditions and the deliberately international focus of chapters 10–16. On the other hand, these two complaints illustrate and, to some degree, substantiate Leonard’s thesis that Baptists are a broadly differentiated sect. As a potential textbook for a course on Baptist history, I find Leonard’s text to be useful despite these perceived weaknesses. This is especially true for me as I teach the history of the Baptists outside of the United States of America. Although Leonard’s book should not be the only volume that students of the Baptists consult, I am convinced that it is a worthy member of the body of literature on the topic.

About the author

Bill J. Leonard (BA, Texas Wesleyan College; MDiv, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary; PhD, Boston University) holds the James and Marilyn Dunn Chair of Baptist Studies at the Wake Forest University School of Divinity where he was the founding dean. Leonard is the author or editor of some 15 books and over 400 articles. His books include God’s Last and Only Hope: The Fragmentation of the Southern Baptist Convention, Appalachian Christianity: Profiles in Regional Pluralism, and Baptists in America. Dr. Leonard is a member of First Baptist Church, Highland Avenue, the oldest African American Baptist congregation in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

Disclaimer


Duncan Johnson is a Bible prof at Foundation Baptist College in Edmonton, Alberta. He has an M.Div. from Bob Jones University in Greenville, SC. Duncan, his wife Meg, and his daughter Charisse attend Meadowlands Baptist Church.

TylerR's picture
Offline
Since
Fri, 9/7/12
Posts: 977
Same League?

You noted,

Throughout the work, Leonard draws primarily from secondary sources, although the notes (which are placed as endnotes after each chapter) indicate a measured use of primary sources.

Can a work that is aiming to swim in the same circles as McBeth's book really be in the same league, if much of his material is from secondary sources? Is there any reason to ditch McBeth in favor of this work? McBeth has an entire companion volume of source documents to accompany his Baptist History. Judging from this review, I'm not impressed by the book and won't be looking for it

TylerR is the Pastor of Faith Baptist Church in Divernon, Illinois. 

Rob Fall's picture
Offline
Since
Tue, 6/2/09
Posts: 826
Did he cover

the Evangelical Christian-Baptists of the Former Soviet Union?

Hoping to shed more light than heat..

dtjohnso's picture
Offline
Since
Tue, 4/10/12
Posts: 4
Rob Fall wrote:

Rob Fall wrote:

the Evangelical Christian-Baptists of the Former Soviet Union?

Chapter 13 includes a section called "Baptists in Russia" on pp. 324-330.

It includes the following subheadings:

  • Baptist Beginnings in Russia
  • Baptists and the Soviet State
  • The All-Union Conference of Evangelical Christian-Baptists (pp. 327-328)
  • Divisions over Church and State
  • The Collapse of the Soviet Union
  • Baptist Responses to Chernobyl
  • Theological Education
  • The Women's Department
  • Russian Baptists and the State

I'm not familiar enough with Russian Baptists to be able to judge whether this would be helpful to you, but my initial impression is that he attempts to provide a balanced report.

Rob Fall's picture
Offline
Since
Tue, 6/2/09
Posts: 826
Good

As thousands immigrated to the US as religious refugees.  From time to time, I attend a EC-B church (a member of the unregistered movement in the FSU)  in Sacramento.  It runs about 350 on a Sunday morning.  There are at least three other sister churches and five churches related to the registered movement.

Hoping to shed more light than heat..

Help keep SI’s server humming. A few bucks makes a difference.