In the first part of this article, we examined how the genealogy of King Jesus shows God’s sovereignty over His blessings and history. Now we will see that His sovereignty over individuals is also demonstrated.
The Genealogy of King Jesus Shows That God Is Sovereign Over Individuals
The individuals in this genealogy could be divided into at least four different groups: outstanding individuals, outcasts, outlaws, and obscure individuals. God is sovereign over all kinds of people.
We see some famous names in the history of Israel here, from patriarchs to kings. The first ancestors of the Jewish nation were Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. God called Himself their God (Ex. 3:6). David the king was known as a “man after God’s own heart.” His son Solomon had the temple in Jerusalem built. Other outstanding leaders include Asa, Jehoshaphat, Uzziah, Jotham, Hezekiah, Josiah, and Zerubbabel. The lives of these men included great military victories and the restoration of true worship.
However, none of these outstanding men were perfect. They had their blemishes, from Abraham’s deceit, to David’s adultery, to Solomon’s idolatry, to Uzziah’s intrusion into the temple to offer incense. Several of these men neglected to train up their children in the ways of the Lord. Even the best of these were still sinners who needed a Savior. God, in His sovereignty, brought the legal right to rule to Jesus through these men.
It is highly unusual that Matthew would mention women in this genealogy. It is even more remarkable when we look at the choices he includes—they are far from being ideal Jews. John MacArthur calls these “knots on the family tree” (The Miracle of Christmas, also published as God With Us, pp. 26-35). They are all outcasts, showing God’s grace to all sorts of people and nationalities.
Read more about God's Sovereignty and the Genealogy of King Jesus, Part 2